On August 12, 1953 the Soviet Union successfully detonated their first hydrogen bomb at the Semipalatinsk test site in northern Kazakhstan. One important thing about the Hydrogen bomb they created was that it was the Soviet Unions own original design, unlike the atomic bomb they dropped whose design was stolen from the United States through espionage.
Stalin placed the highest priority on the Soviets nuclear arms program and knew that they had to have something greater to counter the threat of the atomic bomb by the United States. So, he put Igor Kurchatov at the head of the project, Igot was a Soviet physicist. The thing that I found interesting when reading was that they started this project on their Hydrogen bomb three years before they even exploded their first atomic bomb.
The United States tested their first hydrogen bomb on November 1, 1952 and when this bomb dropped it was thirty times more powerful than the atomic bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki that ended World War Two. When Stalin got word of this he really pushed harder than ever to get them to finish creating something that would be equal or better to prove that the Soviets could keep up with the United States. When the Soviets successfully dropped their first hydrogen bomb it really escalated the beginnings of the Cold War and pushed both the United States and the Soviets further into the Cold War giving both countries the constant urge to create weapons to try to one up the other country and prove their weapons were stronger and better.
- “Hydrogen Bomb.” Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. 2015. Web. 20 Mar. http://soviethistory.msu.edu/1954-2/hydrogen-bomb/
- Long, Tony. “Aug. 20, 1953: Soviets Say, ‘We’ve Got the H-Bomb, Too’.”Wired.com. Conde Nast Digital. Web. 27 Mar. 2016.